PEIN Marine Digest - January 2010 / December 2009

Pacific Environment Information Network [PEIN] Marine Digest

January 2010 / December 2009

 

The PEIN Marine Digest is a monthly digest of pacific marine news and developments gathered from global news sources and a regional network of Pacific environment officers. 

The PEIN project is coordinated by the SPREP Information Resource Centre with funding assistance from the European Union.

 

January 2010

 

NOAA Award to Support Community Efforts to Protect Pacific Coral Reefs
NOAA - 27 January 2010
NOAA awarded the University of Hawaii at Manoa Kewalo Marine Laboratory a $199,996 grant to address the effects of land-based sources of pollution on coral reefs in the Pacific. The money will fund the first year of a five-year, $1 million dollar project. With this grant, researchers will help resource managers, policy makers and community leaders develop and implement strategies to prevent or reverse coral reef degradation on the Pacific Island nations of Palau, Pohnpei, Guam and Yap. The grant will facilitate information exchange among indigenous fishers, resource managers, researchers and students in an effort to learn from previous work and to incorporate traditional ecological knowledge into management decisions... more

VANUATU ENVIRONMENT MINISTER REASSURING ABOUT FISH PLANT
Pacific Islands Report - 26 January 2010
In Vanuatu, the Blacksands Fishing plant will not operate until the Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) is completed and approved by the Environment Minister. This was revealed by principal consultant Ernest Bani in the 1st public consultation on the Blacksands Fishing plant at the Chief's nakamal [meeting place/kava bar], Friday. The consultation which was purely an open dialogue to collect opinions and not the draft report presentation occurred after presentations from the EIA Consultants Ernest Bani and Albert William, the Environment unit, Michael Taurokoto from RAPT and Fisheries Director Robert Jimmy. The lively discussion saw a consensus with Mr. Kalpokor Kalsakau (the family who own the land on which the Fishing plant is situated) who likened the whole situation as putting the cart before the horse because the EIA was supposed to be done before the establishment of the Blacksands plant...more

Queensland Uni course comes to Raro
Cook Islands News - 23 January 2010
two-week University of Queensland environmental management course is being held in Rarotonga from Monday until February 5. About 30 people from the region are here to take the annual course which looks at integrating contemporary and traditional coastal ecosystem management in the Pacific. This is the first time the course has been held in the Pacific instead of in Australia. The Takitumu lagoon management plan will be used as a case study by the coastal resource managers and non-government organisation members and consultants who are tasked with planning in small island states...more

Coral Triangle stakeholders vow to patronize only legal operations
PacNews - 22 January 2010
Fishing operators and buyers who attended the first-ever business summit to address overexploitation and overfishing in the Coral Triangle have promised not to source their products from illegal, unregulated and unreported operations. They are also committed to implement catch and trade documentation by using third party certification schemes to ensure that products are not sourced illegally. The Coral Triangle covering Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste, covers just 1 percent of the earth´s surface but includes 30 per cent of the world´s coral reefs, 76 percent of its reef building coral species as well as vital spawning grounds for tuna...more

Ban on Fiji sea turtle harvesting extended
PacNews - 21 January 2010
The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) says a moratorium on the harvesting of turtles in Fiji has been extended until 2018. The moratorium was initially introduced in 2004 to run until August last year, and bans the harvesting of sea turtles, and the commercialisation of sea turtle meat and derivatives. Mere Laveti, the Marine Species Officer from the WWF South Pacific program in Fiji, has told Radio Australia's Pacific Beat program the interim government has informed them its decision to extend it for another nine years...more

Fishing firms draw up commitments to ensure Coral Triangle sustainability
Business World -21 January 2010
REPRESENTATIVES of fishing firms operating in the Coral Triangle yesterday outlined measures to reduce the impact of their businesses on the world's most important marine region. More than 160 delegates -- mainly representing governments, as well as the seafood, travel and tourism industries -- gathered in Manila for the two-day Coral Triangle Business Summit that started last Tuesday to kick-start dialogues on how their industries could contribute to the protection of the Coral Triangle, a press statement yesterday said. Participants included leaders from tuna and live reef fish businesses, airlines and resort owners, as well as government ministers and officials, and leaders of non-government organizations. "The signing of the public-private partnership is a symbol of our common desire to protect the Coral Triangle," Acting Environment Secretary Eleazar P. Quinto said in his closing remarks. "I hope this would provide more partnerships in the future." "The private sector has shown it is willing to take greater responsibility for the millions of livelihood that depend on the health of the marine environment in this part of the world," Lida Pet-Soede, head of World Wildlife Fund's Coral Triangle Program, said in the same statement. The Coral Triangle harbors about 600 species of reef-building coral, or 75% of all known coral species, and over 3,000 species of reef fish. It holds nearly 75% of the world's mangrove species. The 2.3-million square mile area covers the Philippines, Timor-Leste, Indonesia, Sabah in Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands...more

Protecting the Coral Triangle a top priority
Business World - 19 January 2010
PROTECTING the biodiver-sity-rich Coral Triangle needs the combined efforts of the government and private sector, and should be a top priority if the region wants to sustain the area's vast fishery resource, experts yesterday said. The First Coral Triangle Business Summit kicked off at the Makati Shangri-La with speakers highlighting the need to protect the area, which is home to over a third of all the world's coral reefs. We want to add our organized businessmen's voices to the growing clamor for nations, particularly the developed countries, to take more responsibility for the damage they have wrought on our environment all these past years," President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo said in her opening remarks...more

Coral Triangle summit marred by protest from local fishers
Business Mirror - 19 January 2010
THE two-day Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) Business Summit formally kicked off on Tuesday, with over 170 delegates from six Asian countries, including the Philippines, taking part to tackle business opportunities in the sustainable development of marine ecosystems in the region.
President Arroyo, who delivered the keynote speech, led a host of key government officials including Agriculture Secretary Arthur Yap and Environment Secretary Eleazar Quinto in welcoming the delegates from the other five countries within the Coral Triangle region, the CT-6, namely, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste. The opening day of the summit was marred with protest by militant fisher groups denouncing the summit's organizers for allegedly ignoring the coastal communities in designing the CTI Project, as well as the CTI Business Summit, which officials of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources blatantly denied...more

PNG OKS SEABED MINING
Pacific Islands Report - 8 January 2010
The Papua New Guinea government has issued an environmental permit, allowing for the world's first commercial seafloor mining project to begin. The PNG government has granted a 25-year environmental permit to Nautilus Minerals to mine gold and copper at its Solwara One site, 1.7 kilometers below the Bismark Sea. Nautilus CEO Steve Rogers says the decision is a significant milestone. He says it took three years of research in conjunction with 14 of the worlds leading marine institutions to put together the environmental impact statement. "All of the scientific bodies have been independent from the company. These bodies have been free to publish the findings from their scientific research with no control or monitoring from ourselves," he said. Mr Rogers says Nautilus hopes to begin mining in 2012.

FIJI CHIEF WANTS CONTROLS ON SEA SLUG HARVEST
Pacific Islands Report 4 January 2010
In Fiji, a paramount chief in the north has expressed concern with the uncontrolled harvesting of sea slugs in Macuata waters.The Tui Macuata, Ratu Aisea Katonivere, says that while it may bring financial rewards to his people, he fears the impact this will have on the reefs and its consequences. One of the consequences, he says, will be high waves and this will impact villages on the coast...more

NAVY WHARF PROJECT ON GUAM THREATENS MARINE LIFE
Pacific Islands Report - 4 January 2010
In Guam, aircraft carriers will inject new income into the local economy thanks to the coming military buildup, but the wildlife in local waters must pay a heavy price for growth. The construction of a new aircraft carrier wharf in Inner Apra Harbor will allow the biggest ships in the Navy to quadruple the amount of time they've spent on Guam in recent years. During each visit, thousands of sailors will come ashore and spend money that would otherwise go elsewhere, according to the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS), a massive document that explains what will happen when the buildup arrives...more ... read the Draft Environmental Impact Statement - http://www.guambuildupeis.us/documents

 

December 2009

PROPOSED ANCHORAGE RAISES CONCERN IN PALAU
Pacific Islands Report - 22 December 2009
In Palau, the Environmental Quality Protection Board (EQPB) said that the proposed ship lay-up facility in the Rock Islands "may have very significant adverse environmental impacts." In the EQPB notice of determination, the agency asked Palau Shipping Company (Palship), which is proposing ship lay-up services to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). The notice said that preliminary information exists to identify "many potential adverse environmental impacts of the project."...more

SAIPAN RESIDENTS WARY OF SHIP RECYCLING PLAN
Pacific Islands Report - 18 December 2009
In the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), a RECYCLING company wants to turn around the sluggish local economy through a ship disposal program at the Saipan seaport, dealing with the disposal of decommissioned vessels of the U.S. National Defense Reserve Fleet. Worldwide Salvage (WWS) Saipan, LLC told the Commonwealth Ports Authority in October that it plans to invest US$16 million to build a permanent dock for the project which will be turned over to the CNMI government in the future. But some residents said Saipan may be exposed to environmental hazards from the ships that will be brought in...more

PIMRIS Newsletter (2009, Vol. 21, no. 3-4 July-December)
Contents of the issue include: · Samoan Tsunami: September 29, 2009. By Edward Lovell ; · 14th PIMRIS Steering Committee Meeting. By Maria Kalenchits ; · ODIN-PIMRIS E-Repository Training ; ·IODE Training Course on Digital Asset Management. By Eddie Marahare ; IODE Training Course on Website Development through the eyes of participant ; · ASFA - Aquatic Science and Fisheries Abstracts ; · News from the Region ; · New Publications ; · Conference Notices ... download

Pacific Islands proposals on sharks and swordfish adopted at WCPFC
Islands Business - 14 December 2009
Proposals from Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA) members on sharks and swordfish were adopted at the 6th Regular Session of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) meeting last week. Pacific Island countries are the custodians of the last remaining healthy tuna stocks in the world and manage a marine area of 30 million square kilometres, supported with technical advice and services from the Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA). FFA members participate at the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission along with other fishing nations (such as Asian nations, EU and US) to set rules for fishing in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean. FFA members finalised a process first begun in 2006 to put in place limits to the catch on swordfish...more

 

Articles of note - a selection of recent academic literature

Compiled by Peter Murgatroyd . Articles marked with an * are available from the This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or via OARE [Online Access to Research in the Environment].


- January 2010 / January 2009

Reef finfishing pressure risk model for Pacific Island countries and territories / Kronen, M.; Magron, F.; McArdle, B.; Vunisea, A.. Fisheries Research, Jan2010, Vol. 101 Issue 1/2, p1-10, 10p* 

The importance of ecosystem-based management for conserving aquatic migratory pathways on tropical high islands: a case study from Fiji / AARON P. JENKINSa,[1], STACY D. JUPITERb, INGRID QAUQAUb and JAMES ATHERTON. AQUATIC CONSERVATION: MARINE AND FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS (2009) DOI: 10.1002/aqc *

Comparison of Outcomes of Permanently Closed and Periodically Harvested Coral Reef Reserves / BARTLETT, C. Y.; MANUA, C.; CINNER, J.; SUTTON, S.; JIMMY, R.; SOUTH, R.; NILSSON, J.; RAINA, J.. Conservation Biology, Dec2009, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p1475-1484, 10p*

Climate Change, Coral Reef Ecosystems, and Management Options for Marine Protected Areas / Keller, Brian D.; Gleason, Daniel F.; McLeod, Elizabeth; Woodley, Christa M.; Airamé, Satie; Causey, Billy D.; Friedlander, Alan M.; Grober-Dunsmore, Rikki; Johnson, Johanna E.; Miller, Steven L.; Steneck, Robert S.. Environmental Management, Dec2009, Vol. 44 Issue 6, p1069-1088, 20p, 3 charts*

Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission / Aqorau, Transform. International Journal of Marine & Coastal Law, Dec2009, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p737-746, 10p, 1 chart

Affects of World War II Still Felt in Chuuk. Oil Spill Intelligence Report, 10/15/2009, Vol. 32 Issue 43, p3-4, 2p*

Bequest Values for Marine Resources: How Important for Indigenous Communities in Less-Developed Economies? / O'Garra, Tanya. Environmental & Resource Economics, Oct2009, Vol. 44 Issue 2, p179-202, 24p, 8 charts, 2 graphs, 1 map*

Designing a resilient network of marine protected areas for Kimbe Bay, Papua New Guinea / Green, Alison; Smith, Scott E.; Lipsett-Moore, Geoff; Groves, Craig; Peterson, Nate; Sheppard, Stu; Lokani, Paul; Hamilton, Richard; Almany, Jeanine; Aitsi, Joseph; Bualia, Leo. Oryx, Oct2009, Vol. 43 Issue 4, p488-498, 11p, 3 charts, 5 graphs*

Samoan tsunami: impacts to seagrass and coral / Posa Skelton . Seagrasswatch Magazine Dec 2009 Issue 39 p.12 *

 

* see also Latest news from the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme [SPREP]

** more PEIN Resources [ http://www.sprep.org/publication/pub_top.asp   ]: 

Pacific Environment Databases and Recommended Internet Resources Directory

Pacific Environment Information Network [PEIN] Country Profiles Directory

Pacific Environment Information Network [PEIN] Virtual Environment Libraries:
American Samoa , Cook Islands , Federated States of Micronesia , Fiji , French Polynesia , Guam , Kiribati , Marshall Islands , Nauru , New Caledonia , Niue , Northern Mariana Islands
, Palau , Papua New Guinea , Samoa , Solomon Islands , Tokelau , Tonga , Tuvalu , Vanuatu , Wallis and Futuna

Pacific Environment Information Network [PEIN] Regional Frameworks and Strategies Directory

Pacific Environment Information Network [PEIN] Directory of Pacific Environment Videos on YouTube 

Pacific Environment Information Network [PEIN] Virtual Library of Lessons Learned and Best Practices in Environment Management

 

 

Compiled by Peter Murgatroyd.
© SPREP